“The chief task in life is simply this: to identify and separate matters so that I can say clearly to myself which are externals not under my control, and which have to do with the choices I actually control. Where then do I look for good and evil? Not to uncontrollable externals, but within myself to the choices that are my own . . .” -Epictetus

Founded In/By: Athens by Zeno of Citium

Early Practicers: Seneca, Epictetus and Marcus Aurelius

Philosophy: The world is unpredictable. You cannot control everything. Choose only that you have power over.

It reinforces the idea that the source of our dissatisfaction lies in our impulsive dependency on our reflexive senses rather than logic.

Unlike general philosophy, its purpose is practical application.

Helpful Videos and Material:

The Philosophy of Stoicism.

Why Stoicism Matters.

5 Stoic Principles for Modern Living.

Stoicism aims to make you consciously think and appreciate the uncertainty of life. Life is only perception…yours.

“Let us prepare our minds as if we’d come to the very end of life. Let us postpone nothing. Let us balance life’s books each day. … The one who puts the finishing touches on their life each day is never short of time.”

-Memento Mori, Seneca

“Run down the list of those who felt intense anger at something: the most famous, the most unfortunate, the most hated, the most whatever: Where is all that now? Smoke, dust, legend…or not even a legend. Think of all the examples. And how trivial the things we want so passionately are.”

 -Marcus Aurelius, Meditations.